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Diabetes Archives

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Benefits of plant-based vegetarian diet

In their study paper, Dr. Kahleová and colleagues explain that changes to diet form an important part of managing type 2 , and they discuss evidence relating to vegetarian diets.

They note, for example, that compared with a conventional diet, a vegetarian diet can achieve weight loss, improve control of blood glucose, or “glycemic control,” raise insulin sensitivity, and lead to other metabolic improvements.

The authors also discuss the beneficial effects of a vegan diet – which contains only plant-based food – on health as it relates to diabetes. For example, there is evidence that in people with type 2 diabetes, a “low-fat vegan diet improves glycemic control and cardiovascular risk factors.”

Thus, for their 6-month study, they decided to compare the effects of a conventional diabetic diet with those of a plant-based vegetarian diet in 74 type 2 diabetes patients, comprising 43 percent men and 57 percent women, who were on oral medication for glucose control.

The researchers randomly assigned 37 participants to the vegetarian group and 37 to the conventional diet group. Both diets were calorie-restricted to reduce intake by 500 calories per day and all meals were provided to the participants for the 6 months of the study.

Composition of the two diets

In the vegetarian diet, around 60 percent of the calories came from carbohydrates, 15 percent from protein, and 25 percent from fat. It consisted of grains, legumes, vegetables, fruits, and nuts, with animal products limited to a maximum of one serving of low-fat yogurt each day.

A typical meal plan on the vegetarian diet might comprise: a breakfast of cooked millet, plums, and almonds; a soup made with lentils, cabbage, and carrots at lunchtime; marinated tofu, bean sprouts, and brown rice for dinner; and snacks of hummus with carrot sticks.

In the conventional diabetic diet – devised according to a recognized guideline – around 50 percent of the calories came from carbohydrates, 20 percent from protein, and no more than 30 percent from fat (with a limit of 7 percent saturated fat).

A typical meal plan on the conventional diabetic diet might consist of: a breakfast of peanut butter raisin oatmeal; a wrap with tuna and cucumber for lunch; brown rice with honey lemon chicken and vegetables at dinner time; and snacks of carrot and celery sticks with a low-fat dairy dip, or low-fat plain yogurt.

For the first 3 months, the participants were asked not to change their physical exercise habits. Then, for the second 3 months, an aerobic exercise program was added to their dietary regimen. The researchers examined the participants at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. These exams included scans using MRI to measure changes in fat composition.

 


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Two simple steps can lower your risk for Type 2 diabetes. Photo contributed by Kettering Health Network.

Do you often feel very thirsty or very hungry even though you are drinking and eating on a regular basis? Do you suffer from extreme fatigue or blurred vision?

If you answered yes to some of the above questions – you may be among an estimated 86 million adults ages 20 and older in the United States suffering from prediabetes or diabetes according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

“Without lifestyle changes to improve health, 15 to 30 percent of people with pre-diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years,” according to Ann Marcum, RN, BSN and Certified Diabetes Educator with the Joslin Diabetes Center at Kettering Health Network. So, what lifestyle changes will make the most difference? Making these 2 healthy commitments:

Weight loss is also significant to preventing diabetes. Depending on a person’s weight, it is recommended to lose approximately five to seven percent of their body weight (approx. 10 to 14 pounds for a 200-pound person).

Some people may have no symptoms of diabetes at all. Those that are at risk for prediabetes include people that are overweight, smokers, those with a family history of diabetes or a personal history of gestational diabetes, people diagnosed with high blood pressure or blood lipid levels. Physical inactivity, age and ethnicity may also be risk factors. People already suffering from prediabetes are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease or stroke.

“Without lifestyle changes to improve health, 15 to 30 percent of people with pre-diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years,” according to Ann Marcum, RN, BSN and Certified Diabetes Educator with the Joslin Diabetes Center at Kettering Health Network. So, what lifestyle changes will make the most difference? Making these 2 healthy commitments:


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New Study Shows Type 2 Diabetes Risk Drastically Increased By Statins

Screen Shot 2015-05-11 at 9.05.44 PMA new study has demonstrated a drastic increase in the risk of type 2 diabetes — to the tune of 46 percent — in those taking statins to control high cholesterol levels, according to an article on Diabetes In Control.

The results after accounting for all possible factors were that the 46 percent increased risk of type 2 diabetes held up — statin treatments were almost certainly the culprit.

“Statin therapy was associated with a 46% increased risk of type 2 diabetes after adjustment for confounding factors, suggesting a higher risk of diabetes in the general population than previously reported.

Read More: http://www.inquisitr.com/2045166/new-study-shows-type-2-diabetes-risk-drastically-increased-by-statins/

 


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Are You at Risk For Type 2 Diabetes?

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Are You at Risk For Type 2 ?

Today marks the annual American Diabetes Association Alert Day®, a “wake-up call” asking the American public to take the Diabetes Risk Test to find out if they are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes. During its 75th anniversary, the Association continues its focus on ensuring that the public is aware of their risk for developing type 2 diabetes. The campaign will run through April 21.Beginning today, Americans will be urged to take the risk test at diabetes.org/alert and start living a healthy and active lifestyle. One way to do this is by joining or starting a team for one of the Association’s nationwide Step Out: ®Walk to Stop Diabetes® events, which happen primarily in October.     The Diabetes Risk Test requires users to answer simple questions about weight, age, family history and other potential risk factors for diabetes. Their results are reported as a numerical score indicating low or high risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Those at higher risk are encouraged to speak with their health care provider to learn more about ways to help reduce their risk or delay onset of the disease.“Awareness is crucial in the effort to Stop Diabetes,” said David Marrero, PhD, President, Health Care & Education, American Diabetes Association. “We’re asking the public to Take It. Share It. Step Out. Take one minute to take the risk test today, share it with your loved ones and get started getting active by getting involved in your local Step Out event.  The Diabetes Risk Test can be the first step in knowing your risk and helping us get closer to our vision of a life free of diabetes and all of its burdens.”The latest diabetes statistics show that one in three American adults are at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes.  Another 86 million American adults have prediabetes, which means that their blood glucose (sugar) is higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. What’s more, out of the nearly 30 million Americans with diabetes, one quarter of them, or about eight million, do not realize they have the disease. Recent estimates project that as many as one in three American adults will have diabetes in 2050 unless we take steps to Stop Diabetes®.You can be part of the movement to Stop Diabetes and get your free Diabetes Risk Test (English or Spanish), as well as information about diabetes and joining or starting a team for a Step Out event by visiting at  diabetes.org/alert or by calling 1-800-DIABETES (1-800-342-2383). Walgreens is supporting the American Diabetes Association Alert Day efforts and you can ask your local Walgreens pharmacist for a copy of the Diabetes Risk Test.  Although the campaign starts on March 24 and continues through April 21, the Diabetes Risk Test is available year-round.Diabetes Awareness and PreventionThe primary risk factors for type 2 diabetes are being , sedentary, over the age of 45 and having a family history of diabetes. African Americans, Hispanics/Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are at an increased risk, as are women who have had gestational diabetes or had babies weighing more than nine pounds at birth.Diabetes symptoms can include frequent urination, blurred vision and excessive thirst. However, these overt warning signs may not become manifest for many years. As a result, for many, diagnosis may come 7 to 10 years after the actual onset of the disease. Closing the diagnosis gap is critical to successful treatment and delaying or preventing some of its complications such as heart disease, blindness, kidney disease, stroke, amputation and death.Studies have shown that type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by losing just 7 percent of body weight (such as 15 pounds if you weigh 200) through regular physical activity (30 minutes a day, five days a week) and healthy eating.Alert Day in Your CommunitySeven leading health organizations are collaborating this Alert Day to prevent type 2 diabetes. The American Diabetes Association, the American Heart Association, the American Medical Association, the Diabetes Prevention and Control Alliance, the National Association of County and City Health Officials, National Council of La Raza, National Council on Aging and the YMCA of the USA are creating awareness about the risk of type 2 diabetes. Today, the organizations will direct people to diabetes.org/million so the public can learn their risk for type 2 diabetes.  The organizations also are working together to determine the impact of delivering the YMCA’s Diabetes Prevention Program at no cost to adults 65 and older in 17 communities.The American Diabetes Association’s local offices are focused on enlisting the help of community organizations to promote Alert Day. To find out what activities are happening locally, visit www.diabetes.org.About the American Diabetes AssociationThe American Diabetes Association is leading the fight to Stop Diabetes and its deadly consequences and fighting for those affected by diabetes. The Association funds research to prevent, cure and manage diabetes; delivers services to hundreds of communities; provides objective and credible information; and gives voice to those denied their rights because of diabetes. For the past 75 years, our mission has been to prevent and cure diabetes and to improve the lives of all people affected by diabetes. For more information please call the American Diabetes Association at 1-800-DIABETES (1-800-342-2383) or visit www.diabetes.org. Information from both these sources is available in English and Spanish. 

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Posted on February 07, 2012 by The VRG Blog Editor

Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes that occurs during pregnancy. It can cause problems during pregnancy and in the newborn infant. Risk factors for gestational diabetes include being overweight, having a family history of diabetes, and ethnicity. Hispanics, African Americans, Native Americans, Pacific Islanders, Asians, and Asian Indians are at higher risk for developing this condition.

A just-published study examined dietary factors that could increase a woman’s risk of developing gestational diabetes. Women who ate the highest amount of animal fat before they were pregnant had about a 90% greater risk of developing gestational diabetes compared with women eating the lowest amount of animal fat. There was no association between vegetable fat and gestational diabetes. Cholesterol was also associated with an increased risk. The study authors suggest that even as simple a change as replacing 5% of animal fat with vegetable fat could reduce risk of diabetes. While women cannot change risk factors like ethnicity or family history of diabetes, moving away from (or eliminating) animal fat could markedly change their risk of gestational diabetes. “Our findings indicate that women who reduce the proportion of animal fat and cholesterol in their diets before pregnancy may lower their risk for gestational diabetes during pregnancy,” said senior author Cuilin Zhang, M.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., of the Epidemiology Branch at the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

To read more about this study see: http://www.nih.gov/news/health/jan2012/nichd-25.htm


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11 Health Habits That Will Help You Live To 100

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Published inThe Huffington Post on 1/18/12

Authored By Deborah Kotz for U.S. News Health

CLICK HERE  TO READ THE WHOLE STORY:

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/01/18/longevity-health_n_1211700.html?ref=email_share#s619077&title=Related_Video

So, What are the 11 Habits Cited?

1. Dont Retire
2. Floss Every Day
3. Move Around
4. Eat a Fiber-Rich Cereal For Breakfast
5. Get at Least Six Hours Of Shut-Eye
6. Consume Whole Foods, Not Supplements
7. Be Less Neurotic
8. Live Like a Seventh Day Adventist *
9. Be A Creature of Habit

10.Stay Connected
11. Be Conscientious

One of the biggest factors that determines how well you age is not your genes but how well you live. Not convinced? A study published in 2009 in the British Medical Journal of 20,000 British folks shows that you can cut your risk of having a stroke in half by doing the following four things: being active for 30 minutes a day, eating five daily servings of fruit and vegetables, and avoiding cigarettes and excess alcohol.

While those are some of the obvious steps you can take to age well, researchers have discovered that centenarians tend to share certain traits in how they eat, move about, and deal with stress — the sorts of things we can emulate to improve our own aging process. Of course, getting to age 100 is enormously more likely if your parents did. (Recent research suggests that centenarians are 20 times as likely as the average person to have at least one long-lived relative.) Still, Thomas Perls, who studies the century-plus set at Boston University School of Medicine, believes that assuming you’ve sidestepped genes for truly fatal diseases like Huntington’s, “there’s nothing stopping you from living independently well into your 90s.” Heck, if your parents and grandparents were heavy smokers, they might have died prematurely without ever reaching their true potential lifespan, so go ahead and shoot for those triple digits. Follow these 11 habits and check out Perls’ lifetime risk calculator to see how long you can expect to live.

* Note This:

Americans who define themselves as Seventh Day Adventists have an average life expectancy of 89, about a decade longer than the average American. One of the basic tenets of the religion is that it’s important to cherish the body that’s on loan from God, which means no smoking, alcohol abuse, or overindulging in sweets. Followers typically stick to a vegetarian diet based on fruits, vegetables, beans and nuts, and get plenty of exercise. They’re also very focused on family and community.

CLICK HERE TO READ THE WHOLE STORY


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One of every two of you have a deadly disease that’s making you sick and will kill you, and 90 percent of you don’t even know you have it.

What’s worse is your doctor is not trained how to find it, and they are not even looking for it.

This problem will cost us $3.5 trillion over the next 10 years. It is bankrupting our economy. In 30 years 100 percent of our federal budget will be needed to pay for Medicare and Medicaid, leaving nothing for education, defense, agriculture, roads or even social security.

So what am I talking about? I’m talking about diabesity — the number one cause of obesity, heart disease, cancer, dementia and of course type 2 diabetes.

You might hear many terms used to describe this one basic phenomenon — a new epidemic of disordered biology and disease. It is the continuum of abnormal biology that ranges from mild insulin resistance to full-blown diabetes. We call it by many names. See if you recognize any of them: Read the rest of this entry


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Diet Soda Weight Gain

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At a June 2011 meeting of the American Diabetes Association, two studies were presented that reported diet soda weight gain association and elevated blood sugar.

In the first report, 474 subjects were followed for nearly 10 years. Participants who said they drank two or more diet sodas a day experienced increases in waist circumference that were 600 percent greater than those who did not drink diet soda.

The researchers also reported that, as a group, those who ingested diet soda had a 70 percent greater increase in waist circumference as compared to those who did not drink diet soda.

A second study reported that mice that were fed aspartame (i.e., NutraSweet) had blood sugar levels that were higher than mice not fed aspartame.

Artificial sweeteners, which diet soda contains, can lead to a whole host of health problems, including diabetes, weight gain, and neurological disorders. It is extremely difficult for a patient to lose weight if he or she is ingesting artificial sweeteners.

Numerous research studies link these substances with health risks such as diabetes. If the Food and Drug Administration was doing its job properly, these sweeteners would never have been approved for consumption.

© 2011 Newsmax. All rights reserved.

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